MNS 102
Techniques for Materials and Nanosciences
2020 Winter

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Course Bulletin
Website last updated at 2020-02-04 10:08

 

MNS 102 LEC 0.50  - Techniques for Materials and Nanosciences

Overview of materials synthesis, including both wet chemical and dry physical based methodologies; basic metrology and materials characterization of surface and bulk properties; introduction to the design, fabrication, and evaluation of simple devices; survey of emerging new techniques in materials and nanosciences. [Offered: W]

 

LECTURE MATERIALS

                                                                            

Lecture Hours: Tuesday, Thursday 8:30-10:00 am in Phys-150
Office Hours: Thursday, Friday 11 am to 3 pm

Materials for the lecture will usually be uploaded 12 hours before the lecture. 
Please print out these lecture materials beforehand - just in case we run into unanticipated technical problems.  Please see the Class Log table below.

 

Please note the important dates:
In-class Term Test #1 on Feb 13 (Thur), and in-class Term Test #2 on Mar 12 (Thur). 
Please work around these dates as these dates are now fixed.

 

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Background Image:  University of Waterloo Official Seal written on Silicon by a helium ion beam, with a world record minimal feature size of 5 nm - approximately the dimension of two DNA double-helix strands placed side by side..

 

 
 

Coming Soon
Course materials are intended for private use by the students in this course and they are not for distribution or any commercial purposes.  Use at your own risk.

Term Test #1:  To be held in class on Feb 13 (Thursday) 8:30 to 9:30 - The test materials will include all the materials up to the end of the Feb 6 lecture.


All library reserves are available in the Davis Centre Library.

 

 
 
Week CLASS LOG:  What have we learned today? Topic Homework
0 <Jan 2> No lecture - starting up...    
1 <Jan 7> Opener: Course orientation & scope || Overview of Materials and Nanosciences | Defnition of Nanotech | Nanoscale | Common nano applications | Nanomaterials: Properties & Applications | Nanomaterials as seen by SigmaAldrich
<Jan 9>  | Case Study: Nanocatalysts |Case study: Nanoelectronics: Moore's law | History of Nanotechnology | Nanoscience | Course content
01

01_supp

HW #1
Due Jan 21
2 <Jan 14> || Types of Materials and their properties || Nanoscale phenomena | Lab tour
<Jan 16>  ! MP | Reactivity | Lycurgus Cup | Gold colloids | Lab tour
   
3 <Jan 21>  | Quantum confinement | Excition | Intentionally produced nanomaterials ||  Module 1: Materials Synthesis (2) - Overview | Solid-state synthesis |
<Jan 23>    Strategies for making nanomaterials | Bottom-up approach | Beaker chemistry, Sol-Sel, Hydrothermal
02
 
HW #2
Due Feb 4
4 <Jan 28>  | Electrochemistry | Templates, seed-layers and catalysts  || Dry chemistry methods: Overview | Film growth modes
<Jan 30>   | Growth contro l CVD | CVD reactions | Types of CVD | LPCVD vs PECVD | 
11

 


 
5 <Feb 4>    PVD | Mean Free Path | Other considerations | Physical Vapour Deposition | Vacuum deposition: thermal and e-beam evaporation 
<Feb 6>   | GLAD | Sputter deposition: DC and AC | Magnetron sputtering | Pulsed Laser Deposition | Molecular Beam Epitaxy | Atomic Layer Deposition
12 HW #3
Due Mar 4
6 <Feb 11>   || Module 2: Basic Metrology and Materials Characterization (12) -  Structure determination techniques | Basic introduction to group theory: Symmetry operation, Bravis lattices, Miller indices | Crystallographic planes
<Feb 1
3>  Term Test #1 - Everything up to and including materials covered up to the end of Feb 6 lecture. 
21 Handout_1  Handout_2
 
  <Feb 18>  Reading week - No lecture
<Feb 20>  Reading week - No lecture
   
7 <Feb 25>  || Structure of Metals | Atomic Packing Fraction | Densities | | Cubic unit cells, CCP vs HCP
<Feb 27>  || Structures of ceramics | Common structures || Structure of polymers || Densities of Materials - comparison | X-ray Diffraction | Rontgen, and X-ray generation |
22 HW #4
Due Mar 18
8 <Mar 3>   Laue equations and diffraction | Bragg's law | Single-crystal XRD | Powder XRD | Bragg-Brentano setups
<Mar 5>   || Information obtained by XRD | Phase ID, quantitative analysis, crystallinity and stress, texture and orientation, crystallite size || Limitation of XRD | Triumph of XRD - Double helix DNA structure
   
9 <Mar 10>   || Light microsocpy | Basic optics | History of LM | Simple Microscope || Basic concepts: NA, R, WD, DOF || Types of LM | Bright Field | Dark Field
<Mar 12>  Term Test #2 - Everything up to and including materials covered in Weeks 1-8 inclusive, with emphasis on materials not tested in Term Test #1.
23 HW #5
Due Mar 25
10 <Mar 17> | Kohler illumination | Polarized Light Microscopy | Differential Interference Contrast and phase contrast || Transmitted light vs reflected light setup | Fluorescence Microscopy
<Mar 19>  || Electron | History of EM | Everhart Thomley SE detector | TEM vs LM | TEM Optics | LM vs EM | Resolution | Abberation | DOF
24  
11 <Mar 24> | Modes of Operation | Imaging vs Diffraction | Imaging : BF, DF, HRTEM | TEM vs STEM | Limitations of TEM
<Mar 26>
|| SEM overview | SEM vs TEM | Electron scattering | IMFP | Deexcitations 
25 HW #6
Due Apr 1
12 <Mar 31>  | Photoionization | Secondary electrons || Modes of operation | SE vs In-lens | Different contrast mechanisms | SE vs BSE | EDX | Mapping and quantitative analysis | SEM pros and cons  || STM: Overview | QM tunnelling
<Apr 2>  | Principle & Instrumentation | Modes of operation | Pros & Cons | Applications || AFM | Forces | Principle | Modes of Operation | Static vs Dynamic modes | Applications 

|| Composition determination techniques | Optical spectroscopies: Absorption vs transmission, IR, Raman, UV, photoluminescence | X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy: Photoelectric effect and Einstein's equation, electronic and band structures | Secondary ion mass spectrometry: Static vs Dynamic SIMS || Characterization of electrical, physical and magnetic properties | Resistivity and conductivity | Heat capacity | Magnetic properties || Module 3: Device Design and Fabrication (2) - Top-down vs bottom-up approaches | Optical Lithography | Electron Beam Lithography | Nano-imprinting | Nano-machining and nano-manipulation || Module 4: Emerging Techniques (2) -  Super-resolution Microscopy | Helium Ion Microscopy | Ion Beam Lithographhy | Other tools || Course wrap up

26  

Final examination: 23 April (Thursday) 12:30-3:00 pm - tentative

 
     
     
 

Frequently Asked Questions


Does one need to buy the textbook?   No.

Problems in downloading pdf files?
<1> Make sure your PDF reader is up to date - If not, go to the Adobe site and get the latest reader.  
<2> Try right-click on the filename, select either <Save target as...> or <Save link as...> (depending on which browser you are using) and save this file in a directory that you can read back later.
<3> If everything fails, call/e-mail me and I shall give/e-mail you a copy.
<4> There is a hardcopy of the solution manual at the library.

Mark review policy  As per discussion in class..