MNS 102
Techniques for Materials and Nanosciences
2015 Winter

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Course Bulletin
Website last updated at 2015-04-15 18:25

 

MNS 102 LEC 0.50   [Course ID: 013980] - Techniques for Materials and Nanosciences

Overview of materials synthesis, including both wet chemical and dry physical based methodologies; basic metrology and materials characterization of surface and bulk properties; introduction to the design, fabrication, and evaluation of simple devices; survey of emerging new techniques in materials and nanosciences. [Offered: W]

 

LECTURE MATERIALS

                                                                            

Lecture Hours: Tuesday, Thursday 11:30-12:50 in QNC-1506
Office Hours: Friday 1-3 PM

Materials for the lecture will usually be uploaded 12 hours before the lecture. 
Please print out these lecture materials beforehand - just in case we run into unanticipated technical problems.  Please see the Class Log table below.

 

Please note the important dates:
Term Test #1 on Feb 12, and Term Test #2 on Mar 12. 
Please work around these dates as these dates are now fixed.

 

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Background Image:  University of Waterloo Official Seal written on Silicon by a helium ion beam, with a world record minimal feature size of 5 nm - approximately the dimension of two DNA double-helix strands placed side by side..

 

 
 

Coming Soon
Course materials are intended for private use by the students in this course and they are not for distribution or any commercial purposes.  Use at your own risk.

 

Term Test #1:   There might be a minor marking issue for question #6 (Answer is False) and #53 (Answer is TRUE).  If you detect a marking error, please see your TA (Hanieh) in C2-063.  Thank you.

Final examination: 14 April 2015 (Tuesday) 9:00-11:30 in MC4045

To provide a bit of balance, more emphasis (at least half of the exam) will be put on materials that have not been covered in the previous two term tests.

Please pick up registered assignments in the box outside my office.

In the News: Superhydrophobic metal surface generated by laser.

 

 
 
Week CLASS LOG:  What have we learned today? Topic Homework
1 <Jan 6> Opener: Course orientation & scope || Overview of Materials and Nanosciences | Defnition of Nanotech | Nanoscale | Common nano applications
<Jan 8>  | Nanomaterials: Properties & Applications | Nanomaterials as seen by SigmaAldrich | Case Study: Nanocatalysts | Lab tour
01

Page 13

HW #1
Due Jan 22
2 <Jan 13>  |Case study: Nanoelectronics: Moore's law | History of Nanotechnology | Nanoscience | Course content | Lab tour
<Jan 15>  Lecture Cancelled
   
3 <Jan 20>  || Types of Materials and their properties || Nanoscale phenomena
<Jan 22>  | MP | Reactivity | Lycurgus Cup | Gold colloids | Quantum confinement | Excition | Intentionally produced nanomaterials
02
 
HW #2
Due Feb 5
4 <Jan 27>  ||  Module 1: Materials Synthesis (2) - Overview | Solid-state synthesis | Strategies for making nanomaterials | Bottom-up approach 
<Jan 29>  | Beaker chemistry, Sol-Sel, Hydrothermal | Electrochemistry | Templates, seed-layers and catalysts
11

 


 
5 <Feb 3>  || Dry chemistry methods: Overview | Film growth modes | Growth contro l CVD | CVD reactions | Types of CVD | LPCVD vs PECVD | 
<Feb 5>   PVD | Mean Free Path | Other considerations | Physical Vapour Deposition | Vacuum deposition: thermal and e-beam evaporation | GLAD  | Sputter deposition: DC and AC | Magnetron sputtering
12 HW #3
Due Mar 3
6 <Feb 10>   | Pulsed Laser Deposition | Molecular Beam Epitaxy | Atomic Layer Deposition || Module 2: Basic Metrology and Materials Characterization (12) -  Structure determination techniques
<Feb 1
2>  Term Test #1 - Everything up to and including materials covered in Weeks 1-4. 
21a
21b
21c
Handout_1  Handout_2

 
  <Feb 17>  Reading week - No lecture
<Feb 19>  Reading week - No lecture
   
7 <Feb 24>  | Basic introduction to group theory: Symmetry operation, Bravis lattices, Miller indices | Crystallographic planes || Structure of Metals | Atomic Packing Fraction | Densities | | Cubic unit cells, CCP vs HCP
<Feb 26>  || Structures of ceramics | Common structures || Structure of polymers || Densities of Materials - comparison | X-ray Diffraction | Rontgen, and X-ray generation |
22a
22b
22c

22d
HW #4
Due Mar 17
8 <Mar 3>   Laue equations and diffraction | Bragg's law | Single-crystal XRD | Powder XRD | Bragg-Brentano setups
<Mar 5>   || Information obtained by XRD | Phase ID, quantitative analysis, crystallinity and stress, texture and orientation, crystallite size || Limitation of XRD | Triumph of XRD - Double helix DNA structure
   
9 <Mar 10>   || Light microsocpy | Basic optics | History of LM | Simple Microscope || Basic concepts: NA, R, WD, DOF || Types of LM | Bright Field | Dark Field
<Mar 12>  Term Test #2 - Everything up to and including materials covered in Weeks 1-8 inclusive, with emphasis on materials not tested in Term Test #1.
23 HW #5
Due Mar 26
10 <Mar 17> | Kohler illumination | Polarized Light Microscopy | Differential Interference Contrast and phase contrast || Transmitted light vs reflected light setup | Fluorescence Microscopy
<Mar 19>  || Electron | History of EM | Everhart Thomley SE detector | TEM vs LM | TEM Optics | LM vs EM | Resolution | Abberation | DOF
24  
11 <Mar 24> | Modes of Operation | Imaging vs Diffraction | Imaging : BF, DF, HRTEM | TEM vs STEM | Limitations of TEM
<Mar 26>
|| SEM overview | SEM vs TEM | Electron scattering | IMFP | Deexcitations 
25 HW #6
Due Apr 2
12 <Mar 31>  | Photoionization | Secondary electrons || Modes of operation | SE vs In-lens | Different contrast mechanisms | SE vs BSE | EDX | Mapping and quantitative analysis | SEM pros and cons  || STM: Overview | QM tunnelling
<Apr 2>  | Principle & Instrumentation | Modes of operation | Pros & Cons | Applications || AFM | Forces | Principle | Modes of Operation | Static vs Dynamic modes | Applications 

|| Composition determination techniques | Optical spectroscopies: Absorption vs transmission, IR, Raman, UV, photoluminescence | X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy: Photoelectric effect and Einstein's equation, electronic and band structures | Secondary ion mass spectrometry: Static vs Dynamic SIMS || Characterization of electrical, physical and magnetic properties | Resistivity and conductivity | Heat capacity | Magnetic properties || Module 3: Device Design and Fabrication (2) - Top-down vs bottom-up approaches | Optical Lithography | Electron Beam Lithography | Nano-imprinting | Nano-machining and nano-manipulation || Module 4: Emerging Techniques (2) -  Super-resolution Microscopy | Helium Ion Microscopy | Ion Beam Lithography | Other tools || Course wrap up

26  

Final examination: 14 April (Tuesday) 9:00-11:30 in MC4045

 
     
     
 

Frequently Asked Questions


Does one need to buy the textbook?   No.

Problems in downloading pdf files?
<1> Make sure your PDF reader is up to date - If not, go to the Adobe site and get the latest reader.  
<2> Try right-click on the filename, select either <Save target as...> or <Save link as...> (depending on which browser you are using) and save this file in a directory that you can read back later.
<3> If everything fails, call/e-mail me and I shall give/e-mail you a copy.
<4> There is a hardcopy of the solution manual at the library.

Mark review policy  As per discussion in class..