CHEM 400
Thermodynamics II
2017 Fall

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Course Bulletin
Website last updated at 2017-08-04 18:08


CHEM 400 LEC 0.50   [Course ID:] - Thermodynamics II

Important concepts in thermodynamics (chemical potential and partial molar quantities); phase equilibria of binary and ternary systems; phase diagrams; concepts of ideal solutions and dilute solutions; thermodyanmics of electrochemical systems and surfaces
[Offered: W]





There is no recommended text for this course.  Almost any physical chemistry textbook can be used.  Sign out a favourite one from the library.
Lecture Hours: Tuesday, Thursday 10:00-11:30 AM in MC-4064

Office Hours: Friday 1-3 PM

Lecture materials will be delivered in class and will not be put on the web.  Please attend all the lectures.  Please see the Class Log table below.


Please note the important dates:
Term Test #1 on XXX, and Term Test #2 on XXX. 
Please work around these dates as these dates are now fixed.


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Course materials are intended for private use by the students in this course and they are not for distribution or any commercial purposes.  Use at your own risk.



Week CLASS LOG:  What have we learned today? Topic Homework
1 <Sep 12> What's Thermo-II?  Detailed summary of topics - Course action plan ||  A quick Math tutorial on exact differential
<Sep 14>  Review of Themo-I  Magic square, Gibbs free energy, Gibbs-Helmholtz equation, van't Hoff equation 

Homework 1
Due: Sep 26

2 <Sep 19>  || Chemical potential - definition | The significance of chemical potential || Partial Molar quantities
<Sep 21> Lecture Cancelled
3 <Sep 26> | Spontaneous mixing of two ideal gases || Phase equilibrium of a single-component system
<Sep 28> || The Clapeyron equation | Four examples of applying the Clapeyron equation to S-S, S-L, L-V and S-V phase transitions for a pure system || Connection to the Clausius-Clapeyron equation  

Homework 2
Due: XXX

4 <Oct 3> | Type of phase transitions: 1st and 2nd order transitions || Introduction to phase equilibrium of a binary system || Fugacity and activity || The significance of fugacity | Definition of a solution || Composition of solutions
<Oct 5> || What is an ideal solution || Raoult's law || Phase diagram | An numerical example about ideal solutions
5 <Oct 10>   Fall Break - No lecture
<Oct 12>
 || Features of a phase diagram of a binary solution || Binary solution - composition diagrams || Pressure-composition diagrams: Evacuation curves || Temperature-composition diagrams

Homework 3
Due: XXX

6 <Oct 17>  Comments on distillation and cooking tips || Formation of ideal solutions: | Changes in V, H and S as a result of ideal solution formation || Dilute solutions
<Oct 19
>  Term Test #1 - Everything up to and including materials covered in Weeks 1-5. 


  <Oct 24>  || Henry's law || Real solution   
<Oct 26>  || Deviation from ideality || Duhem-Margules equation || An example ||
7 <Oct 31>  Azeotrope | Liquid-liquid equilibria || Upper and lower consolute temperatures || Phase diagram | Heating and cooling curves | Eutectic point || Compound formation || Congruent and incongruent melting 
<Nov 2> || An example of incongruent melting || Peritectic point | Two examples of solid-solid equilibria: ectectoids

Homework 4
Due: XXX

8 <Nov 7>  || An extended version of the Phase Rule || Some examples on including constraints related to independent chemical equilibria, stoichiometric relations and electrical neutrality | Activity coefficient and chemical potential |
<Nov 9>  || Thermodynamics of electroytic solutions and electrochemical cells || History of electrochemistry || Arrehnius law || Faraday's law | Chemical potentials, activities and activity coefficients for electrolytic solutions || Mean activity coefficient
9 <Nov 14>  || Debye-Huckel limiting law || Crash course on electrostatics || Debye-Huckel theory - General approach | Debye-Huckel theory - How to calculate the Mean Activity Coefficient
<Nov 16>  Term Test #2 - Everything up to and including materials covered in Weeks 1-7 inclusive, with emphasis on materials not tested in Term Test #1.
10 <Nov 21>  || Summary of DH theory || Limitations of DH theory || Basic concepts of electrochemical cells || Potentials
<Nov 23>  || Galvanic cell Standard cell || Reversible cells

Homework 5
Due: XXX

11 <Nov 28> || Free energy, entropy, and enthalpy of cell reactions
<Nov 30>
 || Standard emf || Nernst equation | How to determine Eo? || Standard Electrode Potentials and Standard Hydrogen Electrode | An example

 Final examination: TBA


Frequently Asked Questions

Does one need to buy the textbook?   No.

Problems in downloading pdf files?
<1> Make sure your PDF reader is up to date - If not, go to the Adobe site and get the latest reader.  
<2> Try right-click on the filename, select either <Save target as...> or <Save link as...> (depending on which browser you are using) and save this file in a directory that you can read back later.
<3> If everything fails, call/e-mail me and I shall give/e-mail you a copy.
<4> There is a hardcopy of the solution manual at the library.

Mark review policy  As per discussion in class..