INSTRUCTOR
Tong Leung Office:
C2066A (Tel: 5198884567 ext. 35826) or Lab: C206066. Email: tong@uwaterloo.ca.
Available any time or make appointment by e or voicemail. Website: http://leung.uwaterloo.ca
TEXTBOOKS References only. Course and exam materials will be based primarily on Leung's inclass Lecture Notes Series T2 and handouts. It is therefore important that you attend all the lectures.
1. T. Engel, P. Reid, "Thermodynamics, Statistical Thermodynamics & Kinetics", Pearson, New York (2006)  later editions are acceptable [QD311.5.E65 2006]
2. D.A. McQuarrie and J.D. Simon, “Physical Chemistry – A Molecular Approach”, University Science Books, Sausalito (1997) [QD453.2M394]
3. P.W. Atkins, “Physical Chemistry”, 5th ed.,
Freeman, New York (1994). Note: 4th edition [QD453.2.A88]
4. G.W. Castellan, “Physical Chemistry” (1983)
[QD453.2.C37]
5. R.A. Alberty, “Physical Chemistry” 7th ed.
(1987)
[QD453.2.D36]
6. ANY Physical Chemistry textbook in the Library.
HOMEWORKS and MARKS
At least FOUR Problem Sets, plus reading assignments  10 ± 10 % 
TWO Term Tests  40 ± 10 % 
ONE Final Exam  50 ± 10 % 
Total  100 % 
COURSE OUTLINE
Week 
Ref. (1) 
Topics 
1 
Chapters 15 Sect # 
Opener: Scope and course orientation Review of Exact Differential (a Math tutorial) Review of ThermodynamicsI: Basic concepts; Gases; The three laws; Gibbs equations; Maxwell relations; Relations involving Gibbs free energy (GibbsHelmholtz equation; van't Hoff equation) 
2  Ch 6 
Chemical Potential Partial molar quantities; GibbsDuhem equation 
3  Ch 78  Example: Spontaneous mixing of two ideal gases Singlecomponent phase equilibria: Definitions & the Phase Rule; Clapeyron equation; Four examples: S to S, S to L (fusion), L to V (vaporization), S to V (sublimation); ClausiusClapeyron equation; Phase diagram of a singlecomponent system 
4  Phase equilibria of binary systems: Fugacity & activity; Definition of a solution 

5  Ch 9  Ideal solutions and Raoult's law; P or T composition diagrams; Distillation 
A  Midterm/Catchup  
6  Formation of ideal solutions; Dilute solutions and Henry's law; Real solutions  Deviations from ideality; DuhemMargules equation; Azeotrope  
7  Binary equilibria among other phases: Phase
diagrams; LL equilibria.; SL equilibria & simple eutectic diagrams; compound
formation; congruent & incongruent melting; SS equilibria; applications to metallurgy Phase equilibria of ternary and multicomponent systems: Phase Rule: Restrictions: chemical equilibria, stoichiometric relations & electrical neutrality 

8  Ch 1011  Thermodynamics of electrochemical systems: Chemical potentials and activity coeff. of electrolytes; Mean activity coefficient and DebyeHuckel theory 
9  Basic concepts of a electrochemical cell;
Free energy, entropy & enthalpy of cell reactions; Standard emf &
Nernst equation; Standard electrode potential Thermodynamics of surfaces: Definition of a surface; Excess (surface) thermodynamic properties 

10  Equilibrium conditions for a stable surface; surface tension; Thermal effects of increasing the surface; Gibbs adsorption isotherm; positive adsorption; other theories.  
B  Catchup/Wrapup 